Celebrating

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SCCR 2015 deadline November 24 - 2015
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::Submissions
CoSSci Background, Screenshots and Instructions for new Wiley users and other new users.

YouTube explanations and instructions at http://SocSciCompute.ss.uci.edu/

Suggested title for the ECSS Gateway TALK May 20, 2014: Anthropology and HPC for Complex Social Sciences (CoSSci)

ABQPowerpoints

ABQ SASci Conference session matters

Celebrating ending Galton’s Problem with Inferential Statistics and Galaxy Gateways

OUR MEETING IS FRIDAY the 21st, in the Meeting March 18-22 2014 of SAS, Society for Anthropological Sciences (SASci), Albuquerque SfAA Index -> SfAA2014FinalProgram.pdf <- A cleaner version. You may join SAS through the AAA website as a section along with your membership, or if you are not a member of the AAA, visit http://anthrosciences.org/csac/signup.xsp to join SaSci for $10 / year. SASci.

Intro and Sessions -- Abstracts -- Workshops
  • Dinner Thursday 6:30 Seasons 2031 Mountain Rd NW Albuquerque, NM 87104‎ 20 ("Seasons Rotisserie ") Thurs March 20st Aver $20-28 20% gratuity IAN manager ranked #34 of 1481 restaurants (505) 766-5100 Doug's cell 858 774 3377 if you bring people that will take us over 20 reservations.
  • Here's the key to teaching on-line classes with DOW-Eff software How to share histories
  • See: Primers for Modeling in SASci 2014 session and Wiley Companion to Cross-Cultural Research

https://www.sfaa.net/sfaa2014/2014regform.html (2nd radio button, form at bottom). Deadline for submission extended to October 31. Then

  • To submit a paper, workshop, or video abstract go to the next link at:
http://www.sfaa.net/sfaa2014/2014paperform.html Click (x) SAS
To submit a session abstract, go to:
http://www.sfaa.net/sfaa2014/2014sessionform.html
If you have any questions, please call SfAA at (405) 843-5113 or email: trish@sfaa.net
Codebooks for projects are at http://intersci.ss.uci.edu/wiki/htm/Wiki4R_Codebooks.htm See DEf for references.
Galaxy test sites at  http://socscicompute.ss.uci.edu  http://socscicompute.ss.uci.edu:8081 MiEff877.0=10/18/13 example: DEf01c R gui for modeling. 
For running and saving results from our SoSSci Galaxy See the youtube How to share your model histories. 
  • Contributions for this session will be edited for publication in one of this group's electronic journals and possible publication in the Wiley Companion to Cross-Cultural Research. One advantage of joining the SAS session is that Doug can help with creating models for dependent variables. Submitted Abstract here (please send to Doug) have gone to SAS. Prior abstract here are from earlier articles that might be reexamined with controls for Galton's problem and rewritten with new results once these conferences presentations are finished.
  • Session Abstract submitted. "Douglas White, UCI. "Celebrating ending Galton’s Problem with Inferential Statistics and Galaxy Gateways". Malcolm Dow and Anthon Eff's contributions to solving Galton’s Problem with Inferential Statistics are explored in a variety of applications using easy-to-use R gui access to SCCS .............
  1. FRI AM 1 AM Dow, Eff, White. DEf Solutions to Galton's Problem, combining different databases, imputation of missing data, and access to Comparative research tools and publications.
    1. Anthon Eff and Malcolm Dow, "Monogamy and DEf in R" (SCCS) Abstract submitted.: We develop a model of monogamy as the outcome of a first wife's reluctance to accept a co-wife. Our data are drawn from the SCCS. Following methods outlined in a series of papers by Dow & Eff, we correct for Galton's Problem and employ multiple imputation. Our results are consistent with the view that monogamy occurs in environments where a first wife sees no advantage to herself in adding a co-wife.
    2. Doug White, "On-line classrooms with Gateway interfaces having 'R' own gui software with Open access data” (SCCS, EA, AWC, LRB hunter-gatherers, WNAI) Abstract submitted. Dow-Eff software has changed comparative research through controls for autocorrelations (Galton’s problem). Unique advantages: It allows modeling in R, calling databases and documented functions that allow flexibility in modeling a depvar, W matrices for autocorrelation controls, a set of unrestricted variables available for analysis of background variables, restricted indepvars that define potential predictors, instrumental variables as controls, mapping options, squared (Sq) variables and interactions between pairs of variables computed automatically included in hints about variables that could improve an autocorrelation regression model. Logistic regression with a dichotomous depvar give loglinear results. With authors owning the copyrights of data contributed to open databases, open access journals e.g., World Cultures and Dow-Eff R gui software and the supercomputer Galaxy and Gateway interfaces for on-line research and remote or local classroom use, this is a new era for Comparative Research.
    3. On Behalf of Dow: Eff's Discussion of "A Simplified version of Dow's Chapter 1, Wiley Companion to Cross-Cultural Research"
    4. Discussant Victor C. de Munck (SASci) (Adding archaeology and historical databases)
  2. FRI AM 2 Routon, Brown, Rionero, Mahti, Kennedy, Johnson, Oztan and Acevedo. This Generation's Modellers (some listed here who are unable to attend)
    1. Wesley Routon. "Warfare" (SCCS) Abstract submitted. Explanations of the causes of war fall roughly into two schools: those arguing for the primacy of environment and technology, and those arguing for the primacy of sociopolitical factors. We re-examine two hypotheses from the former school, viz, societies are more likely to engage in war when they have: 1) more productive subsistence technology; and 2) higher population density. Using data from the SCCS, and up-to-date multivariate modeling methods, we find only qualified support for the first hypothesis and find the reverse relationship for the second: higher population densities lead to less war, not more. We show that omitted variable bias can explain the failure of previous studies to discover this relationship. Finally, we show that the two schools seem to be equally correct, in that each explains about the same proportion of the variation in frequency of external war.
    2. Amber Johnson. "Ecological constraints in hunter-gatherer societies" (LRB hunter-gatherers) Abstract submitted. Among ethnographically documented hunter gatherers dependence on terrestrial animals, terrestrial plants, and aquatic resources for subsistence is related both to some basic properties of the environment (e.g., effective temperature and access to aquatic resources) and to population density. This paper compares models for projecting subsistence dependence for hunter-gatherers developed using the Dow-Eff modeling strategy with those published in Binford (2001). Additional related variables [e.g., quantity of food stored, type of leadership recognized] are also explored.
    3. Tolga Oztan and Doug White. “Evolution of Avoidance behaviors and network cooperativity” (SCCS, Murdock, LRB hunter-gatherers data) Abstract submitted. DEf models show that Joking behavior, above Binford's popdensity packing threshold, replaces parent-in-law Avoidance behaviors yielding potential conflict resolution in kin-group alliances and exchange. As popdensity and jurisdictional levels increase, kin avoidances diversify while overall frequencies decrease and disappear. Some avoidances reduce affinal conflicts between unilocal or unilineal groups but same-generation Avoidances like WiBrWi and HuSi/BrWi act to reduce conflicts in same-sex affinal exchange networks buttressed by Br/Si Avoidance. A 3D differentiation-recombination lattice diagram reveals evolutionary processes of extension and retraction of Avoidance types, rooted in more inclusive sets of cross-sex parents-in-law and WiBrWi avoidances, with other types as ordered subsets.
    4. Gabriel Acevedo. (SCCS) "Predictors of Gendered Religious Ritual in the Premodern World." Abstract submitted. Sociologists of religion have theorized the role of social institutions in shaping and sustaining patriarchal gender roles in human societies. Theories of “gendered institutions” take a feminist approach to understanding the interaction between institutional structure and reinforcement of gendered social norms. And while this literature has focused primarily on modern social institutions, few studies consider the institutional context of gender roles in premodern societies. This paper will attempt to make both a substantive and methodological contribution based on the study of religious rituals as a function of gendered institutional structures in the premodern world. I will examine the variable for "Participation in Collective Religious Ceremonies and Rituals" (V580) that is part of the SCCS to examine factors that might influence gender segregation in premodern religious rituals. Methodologically, I have coded the key dependent variable as a binary outcome for analysis in SAS using a standard binary logit model comparing “male only” or “male dominated” rituals (1/2/ coded as 0) to all others (3/4 coded as 1). I will then contrast standard logic models in SAS with Doff-EFF autocorrelation regression methods. Previous pub (SCCS): Gabriel Acevedo & Miriam Thompson. 2013. Blood, War, and Ritual: Religious Ecology, ‘Strong’ Culture, and Human Sacrifice in the Premodern World. Anthropological Forum.
I have an interest in working more with this data and DEf approaches which seem quite advanced. For now, I want to run this by your team. I am primarily a sociologist of religion. I am interested in the variable for "Participation in Collective Religious Ceremonies and Rituals" (V580) and want to work on something along the lines of "Predictors of Gendered Religious Ritual in the Premodern World" using this variable. I have coded this as a binary outcome for analysis in SAS using a standard binary logit model comparing male or male dominated ritualsl (1/2/ coded as 0) to all others (3/4 coded 1). Right now I am looking into some theoretical insights that might lead to examination of some predictors. Let me know your group's thoughts on this and the possibility of contrasting models with standard logit to your autocorrelation methods."
    1. Discussant Peter Peregrine (SASci)
  1. FRI PM 1 Fischer, Wynn, Roberts. New comparative studies
    1. Mike Fischer. "Data mining decision-trees for comparative models and possibilities for uniting texts and coded data" (multiple datasets and ethnographic text) Abstract submitted. I explore methods for improving Dow-Eff regression and logit modeling based on data mining decision trees for classifying model outcomes, then normalising the decision trees into production rules to extract a logic underlying the classifications, and investigate possible applications for data mining classificatory logics from ethnographic texts to be used in coding variables for comparative research.
    2. Eleanor Wynn, Doug White. "Reincarnation Beliefs" (SCCS and additional sources) Abstract submitted. Although cultural data has been collected for as long as 130 years, the use of that data for cross-cultural investigation was limited and lacked methodological credibility. The data were not collected with the idea of being used in strictly comparable ways, trends and theories changed over time, and data elements were often missing. The computational methods developed by Dow and Eff, along with a new standardized ethnographic atlas now allow for comparison of data gathered over time and across cultures with a reasonable expectation of comparability. We chose to use the cultural variable of reincarnation beliefs to put the methods to the test. Despite having a smaller than recommended set of cultures showing this belief (58 in the original data set of 186), there was significant clustering. This led us to expand the data set with supplemental coding of cases and to identify variables that co-occur significantly with reincarnation beliefs.
    3. Wesley Roberts, "Evolution of Religion" (v2013 in SCCS) Abstract submitted. Dow-Eff predictors from the usual SCCS variables are v149 writing and records, no hunting (v204), wet climate (bio.8), and log of total population (v1122), supporting the AA findings below. When interactive variables SuperjhWriting and AnimxBwealth are added from the Snarey et al model, emphasizing along with population pressure the role of natural and human-caused scarcities, total population v1122 loses significance but the Rsquared rises from .67 to .70. The original AA model, however, gets very high grades. (American Anthropologist prior abstract: Previous cross-cultural studies of religion's evolution that employed Swanson's High Gods measure are plagued by methodological difficulties, especially the lack of proper statistical controls. Here, we attempted to rectify this, using the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample to test five hypotheses employing multivariate statistical techniques. Results provided weak support for Swanson's Sovereign Groups hypothesis concerning High Gods and also limited support for a previously unexplored factor: writing and record keeping. In phase two of the study, we introduced a new measure, the Stage of Religious Evolution, based on Anthony Wallace's typology. When this new dependent variable was substituted for High Gods, much stronger results were obtained. The best predictors of Stage of Religious Evolution were mode of subsistence economy, writing and record keeping, and total population size. These findings allowed us to construct a new evolutionary interpretation of the development of different modes of religious life.)
    4. Discussant Jean Schensul and Steve Schensul (SfAA & SASci)
  2. FRI PM 2 Snarey, Low. Restudies of comparative research topics
    1. Doug White, Tolga Oztan,John Snarey. "Moral gods" (SCCS) Replacement Abstract for Title AICc Multimodel and Bayes Testing: Models for Moral Gods. AICc designates information-criterion software for comparing regression or other models with the same dependent variable that minimizes overfitting and oversimplification without relying on Rsquared and significance tests in identifying one or more ‘better models’ according to a percentage weight for each candidate. Base models are those with strong theoretical grounding, and include candidates that combine independent variables from different base models, up to a generic model that combines variables from all candidate models. We illustrate with two SCCS base models and a combined model for the Moral Gods dependent variable.
  • Abstract submitted. Multi-method and multi-hypothesis approaches are suited to compare models and results with complementary types of analytic techniques. Our approaches using DEf lead to new models that illustrate how complex problems of sociocultural evolution might be resolved and results of various studies could be synthesized. These models identify the factors that are likely to lead to grossly unequal disparities of wealth that, as Alexander (1987) argued, may have encouraged the invention or diffusion of belief in moralizing high gods that provide greater social justice in the face of scarcity or inequality. In this study, we find natural and man-made scarcities including scarcity of water, and social inequality produced by cyclical variations in downturns linked to unequal ownership of land in agricultural societies, and for pastoralists, between lineages accumulating animal stock useful in trade in cycles of equal/unequal exchange with herder lineages with whom wives are obtained with stock for bridewealth.
    1. Bobbi Low. "The property complex variables in the SCCS". Abstract submitted. In the modern world, common-property regimes are difficult to maintain, and almost without exception, only relatively small, isolated groups can maintain them successfully in the long term. Since Ostrom’s (1990) seminal work on common-property regimes, we have struggled to find the principles of success for them. Here I propose to explore the correlates and relative distribution of different property regimes in the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample. Sidenote on variables: Because the best-known modern cases are fishing (and land, pre-enclosure in Europe) I would imagine exploring this first with Vs 205, 704 (correcting the reversal of categories to 1=Present n=70, 2=Absent n=15), 820, 833, 834, 858; then with such Vs as: Vs 82, 83, 216, 150, 156, 157, 234, 246, 221, 236, 237, 705. ------ Coincidentally Eff has been working on scales for property. He's attached a spreadsheet comparing v704 'correct labels' with the codes for inheritance of real and moveable property, so you can see for yourself.
    2. Łukasz Lacinski, Nancy Wilkins-Diehr, Thomas Uram, Rachana Ananthakrishnan (CoSSci/Galaxy). "Experience and Advice in Creating and Adding to the (CoSSci) Complex/Comparative Social Science Gateway" Uram, Lacinski, Ananthakrishnan, Wilkins-Diehr, Supercomputing for the Complex Social Science (CoSSci) Gateway and Galaxies (remote presention by internet)
  • Abstract. The CoSSci Supercomputer Gateway is an environment for conducting cross-cultural statistical analyses in R. The gateway's web interface, based on Galaxy, allows the user to specify a dataset, the analysis to execute, and the variables to impute and correlate, in a manner that is immediately accessible to social science researchers. Jobs submitted through the web interface are executed either on a local virtual machine, or on the Trestles supercomputer at SDSC via XSEDE allocation. The results from the analysis are viewable in the web interface as textual output and plotted on maps of the world, or are downloadable. A historical record of analyses performed is retained on the site for later analysis and comparison. CoSSci is both an environment for conducting analyses and a teaching tool: it has been successfully used to teach a class in cross-cultural statistical analysis, and several more classes are planned.
    1. Discussant Garry Chick (SASci)
    2. Discussant Michael Fischer (SASci)
    3. Open Discussion

Misc

BL Comment

Session Abstracts

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Withdrawal and Replacement

  1. This is not part of the Session proposal Laura Betzig. "Harems and Despotism" (SCCS) Abstract: Dow-Eff reanalysis of Maximal Harem Size shows negligible but totally ecological autocorrelation or, between distance and language, totally distance-related with occasional small clusters. Climatic predictors are low rain, isothermal and visually, mostly equatorial except for Aztecs and Incas. They do not plant, survive by trade, are not Islamic, and have a “Despotic Bias in Conflict Resolution.” Not all despotic societies (7% of SCCS) have Maximal Harem Size (4% of the SCCS) but all of the former are in the narrow set of 7% despotic. They occur in East and West Africa, SE Asia, and Polynesia; while Native American cases vary in proximity to the Caribbean, highland Mexico and the Andes). V1133MaximalHaremSize in R guy
  2. Replacement, last talk: Argonne Lab team and SDSC's Nancy Wilkins-Diehr

Chapters

Acceptance

Dear Douglas R. White:

Congratulations! Your abstract submission has been accepted for the 2014 Annual Meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology in Albuquerque, New Mexico, March 18-22. Information on the date and time of your presentation is below. If you have more then one presentation scheduled, all will be listed.

Within the next few weeks, we will have an electronic version of the preliminary program posted on the SfAA Annual Meeting web site. You will receive another e-mail notice when the preliminary program is ready for review. Please review the posted preliminary program carefully, as presentation dates and times may change. You may visit the annual meeting web site at:

http://www.sfaa.net/sfaa2014.html

Additional information about the SfAA 2014 Annual Meeting, including tours, will be added soon.

Again, congratulations. We look forward to seeing you in Albuquerque!

SfAA Office