Doug this is looking good. Keep in mind that on the Templeton spreadsheet P means LPA and H means post domestication. Christopher Boehm Date: Wed, 14 Mar 2012 15:28:00 -0700 From: email@example.com To: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com Subject: thanks for those 2 docs - here is how Binford so far matches your LPA
name systat3 groupno seq SUBPOP basic economic organization
DOROBO_(CENTRAL) 2 70 1 Horticulturally augmented cases NHARO 2 73 2 Horticulturally augmented cases ONGE 4 5 3 Generic hunters JARWA 4 6 4 Generic hunters ANDAMANESE_NORTH. 4 8 5 Generic hunters ONA-(SELKNAM) 4 54 6 Generic hunters YAGHAN 4 55 7 Generic hunters HADZA_(KINDIGA) 4 69 8 Generic hunters !KUNG-NYAE_NYAE_&_DOBE 4 72 9 Generic hunters G/WI 4 74 10 Generic hunters !KO 4 76 11 Generic hunters GIDJINGALI-NO-TERRITORY 4 87 12 Generic hunters MURNGIN_(Yolngu)NO-TERR 4 88 13 Generic hunters TIWI-NO-TERRITORY 4 95 14 Generic hunters WALBIRI-NO-TERRITORY 4 109 15 Generic hunters DIERI-SOUTH-AUSTRALIA 4 121 16 Generic hunters CARIBOU_ESKIMO 4 374 17 Generic hunters NUNAMIUT_ESKIMO 4 377 18 Generic hunters COPPER_ESKIMO 4 381 19 Generic hunters UTKUHIKHALINGMIUT 4 382 20 Generic hunters IGLULIK 4 384 21 Generic hunters W._GREENLAND_ESKIMO 4 385 22 Generic hunters BAFFIN_ISLAND_ESKIMO 4 386 23 Generic hunters NETSILIK_ESKIMO 4 387 24 Generic hunters ANGMAKSALIK 4 388 25 Generic hunters POLAR_ESKIMO 4 390 26 Generic hunters PINTUBI-NO-TERRITORY 4 113 27 Generic hunters INGALIK 5 357 28 Generic hunter-gatherers with instituted leadership LABRADOR_ESKIMO 5 372 29 Generic hunter-gatherers with instituted leadership GILYAK 6 25 30 Wealth-differentiated hunter-gatherers NUNIVAK 6 299 31 Wealth-differentiated hunter-gatherers MACKENZIE-ESKIMO 6 378 32 Wealth-differentiated hunter-gatherers
These are the LPA of your list I have matched so far with Binford's -- there are more but the good news is the concordance. For categories 2,5,6 for example there might be differences in what dates apply. -- Best Doug White http://intersci.ss.uci.edu/wiki/index.php/DW_home
A long term dispute has accompanied the use of ethnographic analogy to probabilistically reconstruct the social behavior of prehistoric humans who were behaviorally modern. However, the major objection (that earlier climates and environments were extremely different) are set aside because Late Pleistocene humans often lived in refugia, while some contemporary foragers still live under uncertain conditions that produce periodic famines. On this assumption a new database has been created, focusing on the worldwide distribution of forager types that fit with the Late Pleistocene, along with a conservative method for projecting present behavior into the past. In the sample of 65, heavily represented are Arctic and Australian societies, while there are 12 from North America and only a few for Africa, Asia, and South America. The basis for projecting a behavior of these 65 "Late-Pleistocene Appropriate” behavior into the Late Pleistocene is that the behavior must be represented in all six of these regions. Given the importance of fleshing out archaeological knowledge, and the high degree of probability that careful analogizing can work, this database is expected to grow in the future.
- Wiley. Hi Doug, I was looking over my chapter and noted that probabalistically was misspelled in the abstract below; when I wrote it in Word, the wrong spelling was saved in Spelcheck's database. Is it too late to fix it? Chris Boehm
Cannot find sources or alternate name: Coronation Gulf Inuit, N=49 Sample 2011 Boehm chapter in War, Peace, and Human Nature: The Convergence of Evolutionary and Cultural Views edited by Douglas P. Fry -- Order Number: 102-5774482-6159406 War, Peace, and Human Nature: The Convergence of Evolutionary and Cultural Views will be shipped to L.A. Brudner-White by Amazon.com. Estimated delivery: Jan. 23, 2015
- Herbert Gintis, Carel van Schaik, and Christopher Boehm. 2014. Zoon Politikon:The Evolutionary Origins of Human Political Systems - Hyper Cognition
Major Research Projects
Laboratory analysis of wild chimpanzee vocal communication, at Jane Goodall Research Center, USC, 1994-1997.
Direction of field investigation of free-ranging chimpanzee social behavior at Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania, using Hi-8 videotape research technology, 1992-1994.
Data analysis: videotaped materials on conflict-resolution behavior of free-ranging chimpanzees, 1989-1990.
Summer field research developing recording techniques for study of long-distance vocal communication of free-ranging chimpanzees, Gombe Stream Research Centre, Tanzania, 6 weeks, 1989.
Field study of developmental aspects of conflict-resolution behavior among free-ranging chimpanzees. Data collection at Gombe Stream Research Centre, Tanzania. Data analysis spring semester 1988 and spring semester 1989. Two years, 1987-1989.
Summer field research on long-distance vocal communication behavior of free-ranging chimpanzees, Gombe Stream Research Centre, Tanzania, 2 months 1987.
Data analysis: long-distance vocal communication behavior of free-ranging chimpanzees, spring semester 1987.
Summer field research on long-distance vocal communication behavior of free-ranging chimpanzees, Gombe Stream Research Centre, Tanzania, 2 months 1986.
Field research on chimpanzee conflict resolution behavior, Gombe Stream Research Centre, Tanzania, fall semester 1985.
Library research and writing on natural history of morality, academic year 1984- 1985.
Summer field work and documentary research on triadic interactions among free-ranging chimpanzees at Gombe Stream Research Centre, Tanzania, 3 months 1984.
Sociolinguistic field research on negotiation behavior, urban USA, 1 month 1983.
Research on egalitarianism in its social, political and biological aspects, at Harvard University, 7 months 1981-1982.
Research on conflict resolution among nonhuman primates, Tozzer Library, 2 months 1982.
Research on the early evolution of morality, Tozzer Library, 2 months 1981.: Conflict resolution in humans and in nonhuman primates; hunter-gatherers and egalitarian societies, chimpanzee social behavior. Fieldwork in Yugoslavia and Tanzania.
Some major recent publications
- Boehm, Christopher. 2012. Moral Origins: The Evolution of Virtue, Altruism, and Shame. Basic Books.
- Boehm, Christopher, and Jessica Flack. 2010. The Emergence of Simple and Complex Power Structures through Niche Construction. Pp. 46-86. In, Ana Guinote, Theresa K. Vescio (Eds.) The Social Psychology of Power. New York: Guilford Press. pdf and TOC
- Boehm, Christopher. 2008a. Purposive Social Selection and the Evolution of Human Altruism Cross-Cultural Research 42(4):319-352.
- A small cross-cultural sample of Pleistocene-appropriate foragers * Boehm, Christopher. 2008b. A Biocultural Evolutionary Exploration of Supernatural Sanctioning. In, Evolution of Religion: Studies, Theories, and Critiques. Edited by. Joseph Bulbulia, Richard Sosis, Erica Harris, Russell Genet, Cheryl Genet. pp. 143-152. Santa Margarita, CA: Collins Foundation Press.
- A small cross-cultural sample of Pleistocene-appropriate foragers
- Boehm, Christopher. 2000. Conflict and the evolution of social control. Journal of Consciouness Studies 7:79-183. Special issue on Evolutionary Origins of Morality: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives. Leonard Katz, guest editor.
- Abstract: With an interest in origins, it is proposed that conflict within the group can be taken as a natural focus for exploring the evolutionary development of human moral communities. Morality today involves social control but also the management of conflicts within the group. It is hypothesized that early manifestations of morality involved the identification and collective suppression of behaviours likely to cause such conflict. By triangulation the mutual ancestor of humans and the two Pan species lived in pronounced social dominance hierarchies, and made largely individualized efforts to damp conflict within the group, exhibiting consolation, reconciliation, and active pacifying intervention behaviour. It is particularly the active interventions that can be linked with social control as we know it. It is proposed that when this process became collectivized, and when language permitted the definition and tracking of proscribed behaviour, full-blown morality was on its way. Because early humans lived in egalitarian bands, a likely candidate for the first behaviour to be labelled as morally deviant is not the incest taboo but bullying behaviour, of the type that egalitarian humans today universally proscribe and suppress.
- Supernatural Sanctions Complete.pdf 569 k manuscript
Some major earlier publications
- 1999 Hierarchy in the Forest: Egalitarian Society and the Evolution of Democratic Politics. Harvard University Press.
- 1997 Impact of the Human Egalitarian Syndrome on Darwinian Selection Mechanics. American Naturalist 150: 100-121.
- 1997 Egalitarian Behavior and The Evolution of Political Intelligence. In, Machiavellian Intelligence II, edited by D. Byrne and A. Whiten. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- 1997 Hierarchy, Exchange, and the Levels of Natural Selection. Journal of Contemporary Legal Issues 8:131-166.
- 1996 Emergency Decisions, Cultural Selection Mechanics, and Group Selection. Current Anthropology 37:763-793.
- 1995 A Note on Scavenging by Wild Chimpanzees. Folia Primatologica 65:43-47. (Co-Authored with M. N. Muller, E. Mpongo, and C. B. Stanford)
- 1994 Pacifying Interventions at Arnhem Zoo and Gombe. In, Chimpanzee Cultures, edited by Richard W. Wrangham, W. C. McGrew, Frans B. M. de Waal, and Paul G. Heltne. Pp. 211-226. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
- 1993 Egalitarian Behavior and Reverse Dominance Hierarchy. Current Anthropology 34:227-254. [This paper won the Stirling Prize in Psychological Anthropology]
- 1992 Segmentary "Warfare" and the Management of Conflict: Comparison of East African Chimpanzees and Patrilineal-Patrilocal Humans. In, Us Against Them: Coalitions and Alliances in Humans and Other Animals. A. Harcourt and F. de Waal (eds). Pp. 137-173. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- 1992 Vocal Communication of Pan Troglodytes: Possibilities for Explaining Human Language Origins. In, The Origins of Human Language. B. Chiarelli and A. C. Ciani, eds. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
- 1991 Lower-Level Teleology in Biological Evolution: Decision Behavior and Reproductive Success in Two Species. Cultural Dynamics 4:115-134.
- 1989 Ambivalence and Compromise in Human Nature. American Anthropologist 91:921-39.
- 1986 Blood Revenge: The Enactment and Management of Conflict in Montenegro and Other Tribal Societies. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. [1984 book reprinted with revisions and new title; this book is also being translated for publication in Serbian]
- 1983 Montenegrin Social Organization and Values: Political Ethnography of a Refuge Area Tribal Adaption. New York: AMS Press,
Costly signaling and Problems of freeriders
- wikipedia:Handicap principle. The central idea is that sexually selected traits function like conspicuous consumption, signaling the ability to afford to squander a resource simply by squandering it. Receivers know that the signal indicates quality because inferior quality signallers cannot afford to produce such wastefully extravagant signals.
- wikipedia:Signaling theory
- Zahavi, A., 2003. Indirect selection and individual selection in sociobiology: My personal views on theories of social behaviour. Animal Behaviour, 65, 859-863.
- Zahavi, A. 1995. Altruism as a Handicap: The limitations of kin selection and reciprocity. Journal of Avian Biology 26:1-3.
- Zahavi, Amotz, Avishag Zahavi (Contributors Amir Balaban, Melvin Patrick Ely). 1999. The handicap principle: a missing piece of Darwin's puzzle.
- Abstract:Ever since Darwin, animal behavior has intrigued and perplexed human observers. The elaborate mating rituals, lavish decorative displays, complex songs, calls, dances and many other forms of animal signaling raise fascinating questions. To what degree can animals communicate within their own species and even between species? What evolutionary purpose do such communications serve? Perhaps most importantly, what can animal signaling tell us about our own non-verbal forms of communication? In The Handicap Principle, Amotz and Ashivag Zahavi offer a unifying theory that brilliantly explains many previously baffling aspects of animal signaling and holds up a mirror in which ordinary human behaviors take on surprising new significance.
- The wide-ranging implications of the Zahavis' new theory make it arguably the most important advance in animal behavior in decades. Based on 20 years of painstaking observation, the Handicap Principle illuminates an astonishing variety of signaling behaviors in animals ranging from ants and ameba to peacocks and gazelles. Essentially, the theory asserts that for animal signals to be effective they must be reliable, and to be reliable they must impose a cost, or handicap, on the signaler. When a gazelle sights a wolf, for instance, and jumps high into the air several times before fleeing, it is signaling, in a reliable way, that it is in tip-top condition, easily able to outrun the wolf. (A human parallel occurs in children's games of tag, where faster children will often taunt their pursuer before running). By momentarily handicapping itself--expending precious time and energy in this display--the gazelle underscores the truthfulness of its signal. Such signaling, the authors suggest, serves the interests of both predator and prey, sparing each the exhaustion of a pointless chase. Similarly, the enormous cost a peacock incurs by carrying its elaborate and weighty tail-feathers, which interfere with food gathering, reliably communicates its value as a mate able to provide for its offspring. Perhaps the book's most important application of the Handicap Principle is to the evolutionary enigma of animal altruism. The authors convincingly demonstrate that when an animal acts altruistically, it handicaps itself--assumes a risk or endures a sacrifice--not primarily to benefit its kin or social group but to increase its own prestige within the group and thus signal its status as a partner or rival. Finally, the Zahavis' show how many forms of non-verbal communication among humans can also be explained by the Handicap Principle. Indeed, the authors suggest that non-verbal signals--tones of voice, facial expressions, body postures--are quite often more reliable indicators of our intentions than is language.
- Elegantly written, exhaustively researched, and consistently enlivened by equal measures of insight and example, The Handicap Principle illuminates virtually every kind of animal communication. It not only allows us to hear what animals are saying to each other--and to understand why they are saying it--but also to see the enormously important role non-verbal behavior plays in human communication.
Wright, Jonathan. 1999. Altruism as a Signal: Zahavi's Alternative to Kin Selection and Reciprocity Journal of Avian Biology, Vol. 30, No. 1: 108-115.