Eleanor Wynn

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Eleanor Wynn, West Linn, (Portland), Oregon, 503-656-7108. drwhite@uci.edu

Eleanor Wynn <eleanorwynn3@gmail.com>. Wiley
GET "Wiley Authors" with brief authors and have Eleanor send a blurb

Reincarnation Beliefs and Cultural Definitions Across Cultures E Wynn, DR White … Abstract. This paper investigates the use of Dow-Eff statistical analysis to reveal patterns in a large and incomplete/inconsistent data set on reincarnation beliefs. The data come from the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample (Murdock and White 1969) referred to herein as SCCS …

2017 Sept publication date for our chapter?

Hi Doug, I tried to call earlier. Hope all is well
I am updating my publications list and wondered if there is a publication date for our chapter.
Thanks,
-- Eleanor Wynn

https://www.beenverified.com/people/eleanor-h-wynn/

2017 Feb 15

"Bottom line, reincarnation beliefs appear to have originated in Indus Valley, but very early, like Paleolithic era, made their way to Siberia and crossed over the Bering Strait. Once in the Americas, they had variety but kept a type of worldview that puts animals and people on a common spiritual level, mostly in hunter-gatherer environments. Whereas once these same views were developed in farming communities of South Asia and the large civilizations that developed, animals became the less preferred incarnations and the idea of karma or merit entered in to how you were reborn."

2017 Feb 13

I fixed the text I had a question about. Was not able to change the red figures in the table as the table is a picture.

Please be sure to use this version that says "Final version"--don't want to send in something half-baked!

I gave it a final review for issues and another spellcheck.

-- Eleanor Wynn ---

Our experimental study, given that D. White had agreed to help with the analysis with so few cases (n=68, with 15 cases of missing data), our experiment ran counter to Eff and Dow’s suggestion that DEf models should be tested for dependent variables that are fully coded.

On inspection, given the SCCS codebook, the variable of reincarnation beliefs coded in the SCCS for this study, the research team that coded that variable (Rosenblatt et al. 1976, 2011) included three principal researchers and authors and five additional coders but was limited in part by books in their university library and limited SCCS sources in HRAF.

I figured out what you were driving at and just rewrote it.

On first inspection, the variable of reincarnation beliefs coded in the SCCS for this study seemed to have too few cases. The research team that originally coded the variable (Rosenblatt et al. 1976, 2011) included three principal researchers and authors and five additional coders; but it was limited to books in their university library and a few SCCS sources in HRAF. With so few cases (n=68, with 15 cases of missing data), our experiment ran counter to Eff and Dow’s suggestion that DEf models should be tested for dependent variables that are fully coded. Initially, the early R version for DEf modeling would not run without sufficient covariates (“Unrestricted” rather than independent variables) but once it ran we decided to locate additional SCCS societies for which research on reincarnation beliefs could add to a dataset accessible with the DEf R code. Initially innocent of other literature (Levinson, Obeyesekere, and Mills and Slobodin), we were surprised that additional sources, like some of the Rosenblatt codes, included Amerindians and other cases from outside South Asia.

*v2179. Quality control for sources
*Class=numeric; Type=categorical; Number non-missing=101; Number of unique values=8
*Freq	Value	Description
*26	1	Religion such as Islam, Christianity (No such beliefs) / Karmic religion or split
*6	2	Rosenblatt, Walsh and Jackson 1976.
*10	3	Levinson 1985.
*3	4	Obeyesekere 2002.
*21	5	Articles in Mills and Slobodin
*9	6	Individual Ethnographers
*5	7	Google search
*21	8	dont know source
*85	NA	NA

*v2180. Classical karmic beliefs
*Class=numeric; Type=ordinal; Number non-missing=100; Number of unique values=6
*Freq	Value	Description
*46	0	Few or no beliefs in human reincarnation (including Islamic and Christian societies)
*13	2	Moderate beliefs in human reincarnation
*12	3	Full beliefs in human reincarnation but not Classical karmic
*22	4	High beliefs in human reincarnation (large proportion on the population) but not Classical karmic
*2	5	High proportion of believers in human karmic reincarnation (in the population) or beliefs split with Islam, Confucianism or non-reincarnation religion
*5	6	Full beliefs in human karmic progression or regression through reincarnation (Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism, Taoism,   Shintoism, and others)
*86	NA	NA

*v2181. Range of Beliefs roughly consistent with Rosenblatt et al. codes
*Class=numeric; Type=ordinal; Number non-missing=101; Number of unique values=4
*Freq	Value	Description
*46	0	No beliefs in human reincarnation (including Islamic and Christian societies)
*14	2	Moderate beliefs in human reincarnation
*14	3	High proportion of believers in human karmic reincarnation (in the population) or beliefs split with Islam, Confucianism or non-reincarnation religion
*27	4	Full beliefs in human reincarnation  (karmic or not)
*85	NA	NA

2017 Feb 2

Doug, please review for the areas I marked in red. Track changes was turned on, so you can see the changes if you click on that.

I tried to clean up redundancy, add explanatory intros, and pull a couple of paragraphs together that were separated, eg. the stuff about migration.

I did a spellcheck which of course found a lot of strange names, so be on the lookout for me wrongly approving a change of an odd name.

Also where you 'referred to CoSci or something, I accidentally approved a substitute then changed it back to what I recalled, but not sure.

I would like to review one more time. You were going to do a map. I added some references but let me know if I missed something.

Thanks, great job on the paper!

Eleanor

2017 Jan

OK, I went through the whole doc and made a number of edits. I might like to take another shot tomorrow. No need to respond on the previous question.

I notice that you have done a lot of work since we last communicated, thank you for that and sorry that I never took to actually using the modeling tool. But your work on the theoretical side is something I ought to have done more of.

The conclusion is good, and I think we have an interesting case. The caveat about milking and planting in SE Asia is overcome by the Danish finding, i.e., that the beliefs predated the Vedas and therefore migrated in a less developed form than subsequently developed in SE Asia. I think I might try to say that.

Since I don't necessarily understand the level of statistical strength, I don't want to make up a story that fits my imagination (like early ethnographers did or didn't do.) But as I see it, there is a story.

This looks like a fantastic lineup and I am thrilled to be in it!

On Thu, Jan 19, 2017 at 5:34 PM, Doug White <douglas.white@uci.edu> wrote:

   List of Chapters: 01WileyContentsJan15.2017.docx
-------

On 1/18/17 4:50 PM, Eleanor Wynn wrote: Hinduism and Buddhism both portray reincarnation as cycling through animal lifetimes. The moral element came in historically. This is in Obeyesekere but I am not sure the citation made it from my notes to the paper.

In the first paragraphs of the paper there seems to be an implication that Buddhism doesn't portray reincarnation as across species. One of the spurs to practice and study the dharma is the great risk of being reborn as an animal without the opportunity to attain enlightenment and with the risk of being trapped in more negative karma.

Just wondering what your understanding was.

I am sorry I dropped this paper for a while since I was uncertain of the status. Last time we spoke you said that it had already gone to Wiley and we should wait for feedback. So now there are some fine points that may be a challenge to support in a couple of days.

Many others wanted to submit chapters so there is another round

Wynn Jan 2017

https://www.google.com/search?client=safari&rls=en&q=Wiley+Authors&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8

Side note: Buddhist logic and Dow/Eff

Wondering how far back those reincarnation beliefs go. Discoveries Challenge Beliefs on Humans’ Arrival in the Americas 22K years? //// Nellie Guidon is held in suspicion and many people say her tools (artefacts) are just natural rocks. I saw Eric Boeda's presentation of his excavations on six different sites and they were impressive: His dating was good, and his tools were convincing. They do not look like anything known so far from North America, but they do have resemblances to industries from Africa and Australia. (" European and Brazilian archaeologists building on decades of earlier excavations said last year that they had found artifacts at a rock shelter showing that humans had arrived in South America almost 10,000 years before Clovis hunters began appearing in North America.")

The origins of genus Leishmania itself are unclear.[7][8] One theory proposes an African origin, with migration to the Americas. Another proposes migration from the Americas to the Old World via the Bering Strait land bridge approximately 15 million years ago. Wikipedia:Leishmania

234.  SETTLEMENT PATTERNS
    26    1 = Nomadic or fully migratory
    24    2 = Seminomadic
    13    3 = Semisedentary
     3    4 = Compact but impermanent settlements
    20    5 = Neighborhoods of dispersed family homesteads
    17    6 = Separated hamlets, forming a single community
    75    7 = Compact and relatively permanent settlements
     8    8 = Complex settlements

v2181 Reincarnation Eleanor Wynn1, Doug White2. 2013. Computing Reincarnation Beliefs Across Cultures.

(1) Research Scholar, Ronin Institute (2) Professor, University of California Irvine

http://www.oit.uci.edu/ucinetid/sponsored/index.html as Sponsor I will need to know the date of birth and Social Security Number of the person sponsored. Cisco vpn.nacs.uci.edu is supplied by nacs.uci.edu

  • Eleanor Wynn

Research Scholar at Ronin Institute Portland, Oregon AreaResearch Previous Computation Institute, University of Chicago and CAASS Center, Argonne National Laboratory, Intel Corporation, Interactive Intelligence, Inc Education University of California, Berkeley

Bishop's Lodge paper

deleted

Northwest Coast reference Haida Reincarnation

Ian Stevenson. 1975. The Belief and Cases Related to Reincarnation among the Haida. Journal of Anthropological Research 31, No. 4:364-375. http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/3629887.pdf

EW: See if you can get Ian Stevenson. 1975. The Belief and Cases Related to Reincarnation among the Haida. Journal of Anthropological Research 31, No. 4:364-375. http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/3629887.pdf He reports Haida and other NW Coast societies having reincarnation beliefs and compares them with other cases. I cant download or print the file but made some screenshots.

Pages from ethnographies of Huron, Comanche and Twana are attached: quite variable ideas (dont have the Eyak ethnography) mixed with ideas about the soul. Apart from the Haida cluster no larger pattern, may be independent invention. Anyway I discovered that I left off our list SCCS #017 Ibo 069 Garo 071 Burma

Botero???

http://m.pnas.org/content/early/2014/11/05/1408701111 -- https://www.facebook.com/search/str/Eleanor%20Wynn%20Looking%20for%20theoretical%20frameworks/keywords_top

http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2014/11/10/how-harsh-environments-make-you-believe-in-god-or-gods/

The actual Botero model is flawed but the red-blue map is valid.   Facebook

Screen Shot 2014-11-11 at 6.47.14 AM.png===Answers=== DW I have quite a nice result: looking at what replicates between the two samples

  1. Original sample (N=9 reincarnation) Dv1998.2
  2. v157+v51 Rsq=.16 with autocorrelation Rsq=.984
  3. v157 p<.001 political integration
  4. v51sq p<.009 mother gets help with infant from husband (an index of gender equality, accd to my chapter 6)
  1. Extended sample, filling in some cases with missing data (N=9+7 reincarnation, including Levinson codes) Dv1998.4
  2. v157+v51 Rsq=.152 with autocorrelation Rsq=.990
  3. v157 p=.001 political integration
  4. v51sq p=.037 mother gets help with infant from husband (an index of gender equality, accd to my chapter 6)

My theoretical interpretation is that with gender equality and higher political integration or complexity (more levels of hierarchy in officeholding) higher aspirations are given to the preservation of the soul (for both men and women, given that the individual soul is valued as such and not differentiated in value by gender.

I think the way that could be checked out is by reading the passages I sent this AM for North America, and then reading the ethnographies for other regions. Check for gender equality, the same for concepts of the soul, check for political hierarchy, the value attributed to leaders, and, I would add, whether leaders are generous and prosocial rather than dominating, that is, whether positive female attributes are attributed to leaders, whether or not they are male or female. This concept as an hypothesis does not exclude the possibility that the society could be matrilineal.

Testing this hypothesis by reading the article I sent and reading the 9 ethnographies in the main sample and then cross-testing in the addition 7 cases I identified from Levinson's 10 volume encyclopedia would give you a full basis for the conference paper.

If I happened to be right, why? 1) because I happened to study gender equality in my rather complex Chapter 5, and identified v51sq as an index of gender equality, and 2) among those societies with gender equality of this sort, higher levels of political integration are rather rare (for example, plow agriculture is developed in high population density complex cultures, and is inimical to gender equality (also discussed in Chapter 5), 3) the combination of these two features ought to elevate the belief in the value and uniqueness of individuals and in a non-dominating manner, which is feature that runs a gamut of societies from Asian Buddhists to certain North American, African and occasionally societies in other regions.

Further variables definitely pick up more variance but may be identifying further patterns that account for and are also predicted by autocorrelation in the form of clusters of similar cases, like the Northwest Coast.

Ok, there you have a succinct argument to research and present at the conference. Reading of the ethnographic cases may reject this explanation, support it, or give further detail or modifications.

If the theory underlying the hypothesis works, it makes for a nice fit or sequel to my Chapter 5.

In terms of a Network of Variables the thing to do would be to take variables v157 and v51sq (v51 squared, that is, i.e., having a nonlineal slope when plotted against v1998) as dependent variables and see if there are any independent variables in common between them or one of them and v1998. I would prefer to do that next week when the correct treatment of sq variables is added to the computing gateway that is easyier to use in modeling.

Models

delete

Is the graphic Dv157#The_DAGitty in good enough shape to be a preliminary submission for a poster?

DW:No, not yet, see next section

The arrow from v236v157 to v1988 might need to be inked in because its so light as not to show up when printed....

Note that v154 Land Transport is a positive net regression predictor of Jurisdictional Hierarchy (which might be the third of Obe's models, Fig 3 below, Classical: Hinduism etc) ... but v154 Land Transport is a negative net regression predictor of - our gender equality variable (which might be the third of Obe's models, Fig 1 below, the Preclassical small-scale societies)

which reminds me that today I should split the cases in the Dv1998.4 9+8 depvar to compute two models: preclassical and classical cases, and get separate results.

Obe Figures:  1994 and 2002
Once you have Imagining Karma some principal graphics will be
1994 "A" xv "B" 2002 Fig 1 p17 Elem form of a rebirth eschatology
1994 "B" xvi 2002 Fig 3 p73 Common ... features " " " " (rebirth in kin group +) - our male
1994 "C" xvii 2002 Fig 4 p79 Karmic rebirth eschatology (ethicized)
2002 Fig 5 p87 Upanishadic rebirth
(then for North America)
2002 Fig 6 NW Coast
2002 Fig 7 Cross-reincarnation: Kwakiutl

Models for PRECLASSICAL versus CLASSICAL CASES accd to Obeye 2002, 1994

DRW:

1. I am checking whether if I separate the CLASSICAL or ethnicized cases from the PRECLASSICAL, smaller societies, we get better results. Am able to get the 2nd of the two running.

2. Script 3 Results - PRECLASSICAL Wet, Cool, PoliticalLevels,BigFamily,FaRole EXCLUDING CLASSICAL - this is great: it ties large families with preclassical societies having reincarnation within the kin group or lineage. Environment is good, supports big families I would suppose. Political levels are high, and father plays an impt role with children (I would suppose this is generally true for mothers too, perhaps with gender equality). This model is not finished though.

3. Script 4 will model CLASSICAL cases. Its a foregone conclusion that they too have large families / lineages. And what else, we will find out.

4. My coding of the PRECLASSICAL and CLASSICAL cases combines the v1998 coding from the Death and Mourning book, from the Levinson index, and from Obeye. They conform quite nicely.

5. I received from the UCI library the pdf of one of my phd student's thesis. He studied and coded Ancestor Beliefs for 130 of the sccs societies. I am adding this to the coded database by simply typing those 130 numbers (missing data are few) into a column in the order of the 186 societal list. That will enable us to test whether "ancestral spirits" are present and if so, are they more on the punishing side, benevolent side, or mixed.

6. It will still take time to complete the study, so dont get too far ahead of yourself in writing the paper. Have you the 2002 Obeye book and his concise FOREWARD in the 1994 book Amerindian Rebirth? We're really in luck that Obeye proposes models for the cases which are very clearly supportive (#2 above) or likely to be so (#3) of the DEf results.

Whether there is a NoVA lurking in here is not yet clear. And the graphic of yesterday will be replaced within a couple of days.

csv datasets

write.csv(sccsA$reincarnation,"reincar.csv")
write.csv(sccsA$v1998,"reincar2.csv")
write.csv(sccsA$reincarnation,"reincar.csv")
read.csv(sccsA$reincarnation)
reincarn<-read.csv("reincar.csv", header=TRUE) #key file is read at old Mac
cor.test(reincarn$Preclassical,(sccsA$v70==1)*1)
Pearson's product-moment correlation
data:  reincarn$Preclassical and (sccsA$v70 == 1) * 1 Preclassical is mostly matrilineal! see:Dv1998.4
t = 3.1535, df = 64,p-value = 0.002456 (Classical 1/2 patrilineal 1/2 bilateral but that's 77% of SCCS & n.s.)
alternative hypothesis: true correlation is not equal to 0 
95 percent confidence interval:
0.1368413 0.5591321  sample estimates:    cor 0.366728
reincarn$dyads<-reincarn$X1.None.2.1.dyads.3.2.dyads
Weird: Pearson's product-moment correlation
data:  reincarn$dyads and reincarn$Preclassical 
t = -1.6218, df = 24, p-value = 0.1179
alternative hypothesis: true correlation is not equal to 0 
95 percent confidence interval:
-0.62548541  0.08320318  sample estimates:  cor -0.3142776 
table(reincarn$dyads,reincarn$Preclassical)
   0 1 2 3 4=Reincarnation Preclassical
 1 8 3 1 3 4 No Dominant Dyads Ben Jester
 2 1 1 0 0 1 Single Dominant Dyad  9 13  
 3 4 0 0 0 0 Two Dominant Dyads   4   0 Fisher P=.05 one tailed...  2 tailed p=.09
table(reincarn$X1_7dyads,reincarn$Preclassical) INSUFFICIENT CODING OF Dominant Dyads by Ben Jester
load(url("http://dl.dropbox.com/u/9256203/DE7.Rdata"),.GlobalEnv)
  • cor.test(reincarn$dyads,sccsA$v221) #LARGEST PATRILINEAL KIN GROUP (Atlas 17) v222
cor.test(reincarn$dyads,sccsA$v221)
Pearson's product-moment correlation MORE DYADS LARGER PATRILINEAL KIN GROUP
data:  reincarn$dyads and sccsA$v221 #largest;;; exogamous v222 p-value = 0.08431 cor -0.1894709
t = 2.0163, df = 82, p-value = 0.04704
alternative hypothesis: true correlation is not equal to 0 
95 percent confidence interval:
0.003091829 0.412516001 
sample estimates:
cor  0.2173429
cor.test(reincarn$X0_7dyads,reincarn$dyads)
Pearson's product-moment correlation
data:  reincarn$X0_7dyads and reincarn$dyads 
t = 9.85, df = 83, p-value = .0000000000000013
alternative hypothesis: true correlation is not equal to 0 
95 percent confidence interval:
0.6176418 0.8190969 
sample estimates: cor  0.7341293 multiple dyads +correlated with scale 0-7 dyads but not 1-7 dyads
reincarn$dyads0orMore<-(reincarn$X0_7dyads>0)*1
cor.test(reincarn$dyads0orMore,reincarn$dyads) #p-value = .00000000000000016 cor  0.9068024 overlapping definition
sccsA$patrilineal<-(sccsA$v70==3)*1
cor.test(sccsA$patrilineal,reincarn$X1_7dyads) #v70 pvalue=.124

Correlations and DEf results: CLASSICAL

4> sccsA$v70[71]#Burmese Buddhist
4> sccsA$v70[75]#Khmer Buddhist
4> sccsA$v70[76]#Siamese Buddhist 
3> sccsA$v70[83]#Javanese Buddhism & Islam (50% classical)
[1] 4 Bilateral
4> sccsA$v70[63]#Uttar Pradesh (Hindu)
4> sccsA$v70[84]#Balinese Buddhist/Hindu (90% classical) and local custom
3> sccsA$v70[116]#Koreans Buddhist/Confucianism (50%)
[1] 3 Patrilineal


Greater Autonomy
cor.test(reincarn$Combined,sccsA$v82)

Pearson's product-moment correlation

data:  reincarn$Combined and sccsA$v82 
t = 1.7765, df = 62, p-value = 0.08056
alternative hypothesis: true correlation is not equal to 0 
95 percent confidence interval:
-0.02719854  0.44198103 
sample estimates:
     cor 
0.2200821 
cor.test(reincarn$Classical,sccsA$v82)
Pearson's product-moment correlation
data:  reincarn$Classical and sccsA$v82 
t = 3.7075, df = 64, p-value = 0.0004395
alternative hypothesis: true correlation is not equal to 0 
95 percent confidence interval:
0.1986616 0.6013142 
sample estimates:
cor 0.4204767 

IS a SUPERfeature of Classical

cor.test(reincarn$Preclassical,sccsA$v82)
 NOT a feature of Preclassical  cor = 0.05903766 p-value = 0.6377

h[3] $Rmodel before completing list of Classical cases

                                                                               desc          coef stdcoef pvalue star    VIF
(Intercept)                                                                    <NA> -2.8303893556      NA  0.000  ***     NA
Wy                                                                             <NA>  0.1775412057   0.087  0.465       1.513
bio.16                                     BIO16 = Precipitation of Wettest Quarter  0.0009438392   0.357  0.018   **  2.461
bio.11                                  BIO11 = Mean Temperature of Coldest Quarter  0.0110809803   1.365  0.097    * 71.715
bio.6                                       BIO6 = Min Temperature of Coldest Month -0.0116746372  -1.502  0.080    * 77.835
v154                                                        Scale 6- Land Transport  0.3931704758   0.504  0.000  ***  1.783
v82                                                               Trend in Autonomy  0.2034892797   0.237  0.033   **  1.284
v991        Importance of Fathers for Both Boys And Girls, without Regard to Gender  0.1208253633   0.217  0.131       1.093

CORRECT MODEL: CLASSICAL ETHICIZED REINCARNATON VERSUS ALL OTHERS

Dv1998.4#Script_4_CLASSICAL --- *Dv1998.4#Script_4_CLASSICAL CORRECT FOR CLASSICAL --- .Dow-Eff_Functions_-_DEf#Models_from_R_Scripts_from_Initial_DEf_Version

CLASSICAL ETHICIZED REINCARNATON BELIEFS VERSUS ALL OTHERS
desc	coef	                               stdcoef  pvalue	star	VIF	
(Intercept)        NA	                       -2.098	NA	0.000	***	NA	
Wy	           NA	                        0.247	0.181	0.013	**	1.594	0.822
bio.13	BIO13 = Precipitation of Wettest Month	0.002	0.182	0.000	***	1.293	0.812
v1188	Evil Eye Scaled Rating:____________    -0.084  -0.147	0.003	***	1.251	0.666 
v154	Scale 6- Land Transport ____________	0.443	0.475	0.000	***	2.109	0.831
v157	Scale 9- Political Integration ________	0.300	0.309	0.000	***	1.629	0.626
v991	Importance of Fathers for Both Boys 	0.139	0.210	0.035	**	1.213	0.703
        and Girls, without Regard to Gender h[6]
Hausman test. H0: Wy exogenous 
$OtherStats
     d    l r e R2.IV.composite. R2.final.model R2.UR.model nimp nobs
1 0.93 0.07 0 0        0.9910617      0.6327614   0.9149024   10   63
The optimal weight matrix is W=.93*Wd+.07*Wl.
(Instrumental variable v1188: Positive Self-Containment, not Conquered)

CORRECT MODEL: CLASSICAL ETHICIZED REINCARNATON VERSUS ALL OTHERS

Dv1998.4#Script_4_CLASSICAL --- *[[Dv1998.4# Script_4_CLASSICAL]] CORRECT FOR CLASSICAL --- .Dow-Eff_Functions_-_DEf#Models_from_R_Scripts_from_Initial_DEf_Version

desc	coef	                               stdcoef  pvalue	star	VIF	
(Intercept)        NA	                       -2.098	NA	0.000	***	NA	Hausman test. H0: Wy exogenous
Wy	           NA	                        0.247	0.181	0.013	**	1.594	0.822
bio.13	BIO13 = Precipitation of Wettest Month	0.002	0.182	0.000	***	1.293	0.812
v1188	Evil Eye Scaled Rating:____________    -0.084  -0.147	0.003	***	1.251	0.666 (Instrumental variable: Positive Self-Containment, not Conquered)
v154	Scale 6- Land Transport ____________	0.443	0.475	0.000	***	2.109	0.831
v157	Scale 9- Political Integration ________	0.300	0.309	0.000	***	1.629	0.626
v991	Importance of Fathers for Both Boys 	0.139	0.210	0.035	**	1.213	0.703
        and Girls, without Regard to Gender h[6]
$OtherStats
     d    l r e R2.IV.composite. R2.final.model R2.UR.model nimp nobs
1 0.93 0.07 0 0        0.9910617      0.6327614   0.9149024   10   63
The optimal weight matrix is W=.93*Wd+.07*Wl.

Model: After completing list of Classical cases WITH ONE ERROR: VEDDA

h[4]$RmodelRobust
                                                                               desc         coef stdcoef pvalue star   VIF
(Intercept)                                                                    <NA> -1.212512198      NA  0.042   **    NA
Wy                                                                             <NA> -0.098633145  -0.070  0.373      2.169
bio.13                                       BIO13 = Precipitation of Wettest Month  0.002308251   0.266  0.000  *** 2.141
bio.14                                        BIO14 = Precipitation of Driest Month -0.004226689  -0.245  0.000  *** 1.578
bio.6                                       BIO6 = Min Temperature of Coldest Month  0.001648362   0.173  0.029   ** 2.294
NoPlowCplx                                                              NoPlowCmplx -0.021680562  -0.200  0.003  *** 1.883
v1130                                                            Population Density  0.086576150   0.117  0.149      3.257
v1188                                                       Evil Eye Scaled Rating: -0.143022119  -0.243  0.000  *** 1.360
v154                                                        Scale 6- Land Transport  0.460015721   0.480  0.000  *** 2.646
v157                                                 Scale 9- Political Integration  0.133620467   0.134  0.110      3.057
v991        importance of Fathers for Both Boys And Girls, without Regard to Gender  0.135466640   0.207  0.028   ** 1.328
h[5]

NOT riv<-c("bio.13","NoPlowCplx","v1130","matriR51sq","v149_157","v1253", "v1260","v1915","v232", "v720","v79", "v5","v815")

$Diagnostics
                                                   Fstat        df pvalue star
RESET test. H0: model has correct functional form 17.054  1009.535  0.000  ***
Wald test. H0: appropriate variables dropped      -0.251    57.059  1.000     
Breusch-Pagan test. H0: residuals homoskedastic    1.465 44474.228  0.226     
Shapiro-Wilkes test. H0: residuals normal          0.173   122.547  0.678     
Hausman test. H0: Wy exogenous                     0.090   520.000  0.764     
Hausman test. H0: bio.13 exogenous                 0.876  9108.000  0.349     
Hausman test. H0: bio.14 exogenous                 0.354 46700.000  0.552     
Hausman test. H0: bio.6 exogenous                  0.255  1251.000  0.614     
Hausman test. H0: NoPlowCplx exogenous             0.517  8651.000  0.472     
Hausman test. H0: v1130 exogenous                  0.010  1396.000  0.921     
Hausman test. H0: v1188 exogenous                  0.011  4026.000  0.916     
Hausman test. H0: v154 exogenous                   0.031   407.000  0.860     
Hausman test. H0: v157 exogenous                   0.004   537.000  0.949     
Hausman test. H0: v991 exogenous                   0.106   388.000  0.745    
> h[6]
$OtherStats
     d    l r e R2.IV.composite. R2.final.model R2.UR.model nimp nobs
1 0.93 0.07 0 0        0.9850834       0.603374    0.872117   10   63
Optimal weight matrix was W=.93*Wd+.07*Wl.
h[9]
$totry
[1] "bio.12"     "bio.13"     "bio.14"     "bio.6"      "NoPlowCplx" "v1130"      "v1188"      "v1260"      "v155"       "v157"       "v158.1"     "v21"        "v232"      
[14] "v245"       "v369"       "v371"       "v5"         "v52"        "v621"       "v815"       "v816"      
> h[10]
$didwell
[1] "bio.13"     "bio.14"     "bio.6"      "NoPlowCplx" "v1130"      "v1188"      "v1260"      "v157"       "v158.1"     "v232"       "v369"       "v371"       "v5"        
[14] "v52"        "v621"       "v815"       "v816"      

> h[8] $dfbetas

     dfbeta   variable     observation   dataValue depvarValue
2   -0.8753         Wy        Japanese   3.1006521           0
6   -0.5951         Wy   Uttar Pradesh   0.6514199           4
7   -0.4651         Wy           Vedda   0.6029174           4
4   -0.4328         Wy         Koreans   0.4960940           4
1    0.3175         Wy         Basques   0.1269344           0
5    0.4246         Wy          Lakher   2.0690160           2
3    0.4318         Wy           Khmer   2.7758988           4
11  -0.4159     bio.13      Andamanese 548.2666667           0
51  -0.3023     bio.13           Mende 533.0625000           0
8   -0.2808     bio.13 Western Samoans 682.6666667           0
21   0.2715     bio.13        Japanese 186.1578947           0
61   0.3936     bio.13   Uttar Pradesh 302.5000000           4
41   0.4344     bio.13          Lakher 568.4375000           2
71   0.4810     bio.13           Vedda 422.3750000           4
31   0.4962     bio.13         Koreans 316.6000000           4
72  -0.7059     bio.14           Vedda  20.0000000           4
22  -0.4963     bio.14        Japanese  42.6315789           0
62  -0.3495     bio.14   Uttar Pradesh   3.0000000           4
32   0.2681     bio.14          Jivaro 156.3750000           0
52   0.2824     bio.14           Siuai 282.9285714           0
12   0.2892     bio.14      Andamanese   5.0000000           0
42   0.3212     bio.14           Mende   8.3750000           0
33  -0.4148      bio.6         Koreans -85.2666667           4
43  -0.3460      bio.6          Lakher 107.6250000           2
23   0.2815      bio.6           Khmer 189.1250000           4
13   0.3173      bio.6         Burmese 133.8750000           4
53   0.4575      bio.6           Vedda 221.4375000           4
24  -0.3851 NoPlowCplx         Koreans   0.0000000           4
44  -0.3141 NoPlowCplx           Vedda  16.0000000           4
14   0.2636 NoPlowCplx    Kaffa (Kafa)   0.0000000           0
34   0.3033 NoPlowCplx          Lakher  31.0000000           2
25  -0.3899      v1130           Khmer   5.0000000           4
15  -0.2606      v1130          Jivaro   2.0000000           0
45   0.2725      v1130   Uttar Pradesh   7.0000000           4
35   0.3158      v1130         Koreans   6.0000000           4
36  -0.4060      v1188         Koreans   2.0000000           4
73  -0.3316      v1188           Vedda   1.0000000           4
46  -0.3061      v1188          Mbundu   2.0000000           2
16  -0.2776      v1188         Basques   7.0000000           0
54  -0.2631      v1188        Russians   8.0000000           0
63   0.3249      v1188   Uttar Pradesh   8.0000000           4
26   0.5314      v1188          Jivaro   8.0000000           0
431 -0.5207       v154         Basques   5.0000000           0
441  0.6175       v154   Uttar Pradesh   5.0000000           4
47  -0.4357       v157           Vedda   1.0000000           4
37  -0.2601       v157   Uttar Pradesh   5.0000000           4
17   0.3040       v157         Burmese   5.0000000           4
27   0.4083       v157           Khmer   5.0000000           4
28   0.2896       v991           Vedda   6.9000000           4
18   0.4753       v991        Japanese   2.0000000           0

Correlations Preclassical

212.  MARITAL COMPOSITION WITHIN EXTENDED FAMILIES (Atlas 9 combined)
        R Spss
     1 NA . = Missing Data                                  changed 8/15/12 0->1
    21    1 = Monogamy
    39    2 = Occasional or limited polygyny
    12    3 = Preferentially sororal, co-wives in same dwelling
     1    4 = Preferentially sororal, co-wives separate dwelling
    16    5 = Non-sororal, co-wives separate dwelling
     9    6 = Non-sororal polygyny, co-wives in same dwelling
    87    7 = Polyandry, or no extended family
cor.test(reincarn$Combined,sccsA$v212)

Pearson's product-moment correlation

data:  reincarn$Combined and sccsA$v212 
t = -1.9829, df = 62, p-value = 0.05182
alternative hypothesis: true correlation is not equal to 0 
95 percent confidence interval:
-0.462260777  0.001712711 
sample estimates:
      cor 
-0.2441994

NOT a feature of Classical

cor.test(reincarn$Preclassical,sccsA$v212)
t = -2.0342, df = 64, p-value = 0.04608
alternative hypothesis: true correlation is not equal to 0 
95 percent confidence interval:
-0.460970505 -0.004678429 
sample estimates:
      cor 
-0.2464322

NOT a feature of Classical

Earlier discussions

deleted

Later Chats

deleted

New references

Antonia Mills, Richard Slobodin (Eds.). 1994. American Indian Rebirth: Reincarnation Belief Among North American Indians and Inuit [Paperback

Contents

Amazon: Imagining Karma: Ethical Transformation in Amerindian, Buddhist, and Greek Rebirth Gananath Obeyesekere Amazon for $5

Cases worldwide 1

(F)=Mills and Slobodin Foreward by Obe (O)=Obe (Ch): Chapter of Mills and Slobodin

  • Note: Ch4 Radin's Winnebago Thunder Cloud shaman relates to a common shaman theme of reincarnation among North American indians
  • Africa: Benin
  • Amerindians: Beaver Ch16:291, Dene Tha (Ch10), Gitxsan (Ch13,Ch166:291, F;also spelled Gitksan), 131:Haida, Haisla, 144:Huron (Ch3), 124:Inuit (Ch6,Ch7, F:cross-species), Inupiaq (Ch4), Kutchin (Ch9) (Dene Peoples, e.g., 128:Slavey), Kwakiutl (Ch11), Tlingit (Ch14), Wet'swet'en (Seaward not Inland Ch16:291)
  • 090-091:Australia
  • 084:Balinese
  • European Ancient Peoples (F): Pythagoras; Orphic mysteries
  • India (F): Buddhism, Jainism, Post-Upanishad Hinduism - karma (ethical compensation: Indic religions), samsara (cyclicity), nirvana (escape)
  • Kutchin
  • Middle East: Alevi, Druz (also in China)
  • 098:Trobriand, spirit enters children as 'paternity' LIKE AUSTRALIANS
  • SCCS: C=CLASSICAL
  • C063 Uttar Pradesh *****add to Levinson ("India")
  • C084 Balinese PRECLASSICAL? Lansing pp126-127 P98 Karma P166 Reincarnation
  • 090-091:Australia Like Trobrianders, spirit enters children as 'paternity'
  • 131:Haida
  • NO ReinC 124:Inuit (F:cross-species)
  • 128--- Kutchin (Ch9) (Dene Peoples, e.g., 128:Slavey),
What about:
  • 017 Ibo (Afikpo Igbo) YES
  • 069 Garo
  • 130 Eyak
  • 133 Twana
  • C071 Burmese http://www.pflyceum.org/170.html
  • 144 Huron
  • 147 Comanche
  • PLUS 10 ADDITIONAL Levinson 1996:
  • 061 L3:p298Toda
  • =2 070 L3:p148Lakher NOT TRUE REINCARNATION but Yes if die as children
  • C075 L5:p138Khmer CLASSICAL
  • C076 L5:p71Siamese(THAI) CLASSICAL
  • 079 L3:p11Andamanese YES
  • C080 L3:p303Vedda
  • C083 L5:p114Javanese CLASSICAL
  • 116 L5:p148Koreans CLASSICAL
  • 131 L1:p136Haida
  • 167 L7:p142Cubeo

Cases worldwide 2 new

(F)=Mills and Slobodin Foreward by Obe (O)=Obe (Ch): Chapter of Mills and Slobodin

  • Note: Ch4 Radin's Winnebago Thunder Cloud shaman relates to a common shaman theme of reincarnation among North American indians
  • Africa: Benin
  • Amerindians: Beaver Ch16:291, Dene Tha (Ch10), Gitxsan (Ch13,Ch166:291, F;also spelled Gitksan), 131:Haida, Haisla, 144:Huron (Ch3), 124:Inuit (Ch6,Ch7, F:cross-species), Inupiaq (Ch4), Kutchin (Ch9) (Dene Peoples, e.g., 128:Slavey), Kwakiutl (Ch11), Tlingit (Ch14), Wet'swet'en (Seaward not Inland Ch16:291)
  • 090-091:Australia
  • 084:Balinese
  • European Ancient Peoples (F): Pythagoras; Orphic mysteries
  • India (F): Buddhism, Jainism, Post-Upanishad Hinduism - karma (ethical compensation: Indic religions), samsara (cyclicity), nirvana (escape)
  • Kitchen
  • Middle East: Alevi, Druz (also in China)
  • 098:Trobriand
  • SCCS:
  • 063 Uttar Pradesh *****add to Levinson ("India")
  • 084 Balinese
  • 090-091:Australia
  • 131:Haida
  • 124:Inuit (F:cross-species)
  • 128--- Kutchin (Ch9) (Dene Peoples, e.g., 128:Slavey),
What about:
  • 017 Ibo
  • 069 Garo
  • 130 Eyak
  • 133 Twana
  • 071 Burmese
  • 144 Huron
  • 147 Comanche
  • PLUS 10 ADDITIONAL Levinson 1996:
  • 061 L3:p298Toda after "legs wear down" reborn as Toda (or Toda Buffalo of the Nilgiri Highlands)
  • 070 L3:p148Lakher NOT TRUE REINCARNATION
  • 075 =4 L5:p138Khmer CLASSICAL
  • 076 L5:p71Siamese(THAI) CLASSICAL Length of purgatory ~~ sinfulness; then rebirth
  • 079 =2 L3:p11Andamanese Spirit helps the living - may not hurt unless not buried
  • 080 =3 L3:p303Vedda (Coast =3)
  • 083 L5:p114Javanese CLASSICAL reincarnation
  • 116 =3 L5:p148Koreans CLASSICAL otherworld over the mountains
  • 131 L1:p136Haida await reincarnation, might choose which are their parents
  • 167 =4 L7:p142Cubeo returns to same clan in 4 generations

SCCS Societies with Reincarnation

   these are lists of additional cases, #comments out a line or part of a line. The numbers in [brackets] are numbers of societies but they don't show up in a wiki.
   #http://intersci.ss.uci.edu/wiki/index.php/Dv1998.2
   #SCCS Societies with Reincarnation
    sccsA$reincarnation[61]=4 #Toda
    sccsA$reincarnation[70]=1 #Lakher  no reincarnation
    sccsA$reincarnation[75]=4 #Khmer
    sccsA$reincarnation[76]=4 #Siamese(C. Thai)
    sccsA$reincarnation[79]=4 #Andamanese
    sccsA$reincarnation[80]=4 #Vedda
    sccsA$reincarnation[83]=4 #Javanese
    sccsA$reincarnation[99]=4 #Siuai. Oliver 1955: 176 On a dead child: "Its ghost is said to return to the [mother's] womb to be reborn later on." Index p532. Ch 5: fn50 p501
    sccsA$reincarnation[116]=4 #Koreans
    sccsA$reincarnation[131]=4 #Haida
    sccsA$reincarnation[167]=4 #Cubeo
    #http://intersci.ss.uci.edu/wiki/index.php/Dv1998.4
   #sccsA$reincarnation[61]=4 #Toda NOT TRUE REINCARNATION: 3:298Toda   enter a separate world of spirits.
    sccsA$reincarnation[70]=1 #Lakher  no reincarnation
    sccsA$reincarnation[75]=4 #075 Khmer  Buddhist
    sccsA$reincarnation[76]=4 #076 Siamese(C. Thai) Buddhist
   #sccsA$reincarnation[79]=4 #Andamanese  NOT TRUE REINCARNATION: 3:11Andamanese go to a spirit life
    sccsA$reincarnation[80]=4 #080 Vedda
    sccsA$reincarnation[83]=4 #083 Javanese Buddhism indigenous
    #sccsA$reincarnation[99]=4 #Siuai. NOT TRUE REINCARNATION: Oliver 1955: 176 On a dead child: "Its ghost is said to return to the [mother's] womb to be reborn later on." Index p532. Ch 5: fn50 p50
    sccsA$reincarnation[116]=4 #116 Koreans Buddhist (50%)
    sccsA$reincarnation[131]=4 #131 Haida Reincarnated
   #sccsA$reincarnation[167]=4 #Cubeo NOT TRUE REINCARNATION: 7:142Cubeo  as descendants (rather more like one form of ancestor worship)

1. has someone been doing this same kind of modeling?

(PS this somewhat extends the reincarnation concept)

http://science.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/05/22/18421878-what-prehistoric-dog-burials-tell-us-about-owners