Modelski, George T. 1987. Long Cycles in World Politics. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
George T. Modelski. 2000. Part I.2 World System Evolution. In, Robert A. Denemark, Editor. World-System History: The Social Science of Long-Term Change. London: Routledge. http://abuss.narod.ru/Biblio/WS/ws-history1_2.htm
Modelski, G., T. Devezas and W. Thompson, eds. 2008. Globalization as Evolutionary Process: Modeling, Simulating, and Forecasting Global Change. London: Routledge.
- see especially the article of Devezas and George Modelski, preprinted as The Portuguese as system-builders in the XVth-XVIth centuries: A Case Study on the Role of Technology in the Evolution of the World System.
Tessaleno Devezas and George Modelski. 2008. The Portuguese as system-builders: Technological innovation in early globalization. Pp. 30-57, in Modelski, Devezas and Thompson, eds. Globalization as Evolutionary Process: Modeling, Simulating, and Forecasting Global Change. London: Routledge.
Modelski, G., and William R. Thompson 1995. Leading Sectors and World Powers: The Coevolution of Global Economics and Politics. Columbia: Columbia University Press.
George Modelski. 2001. What Causes K-waves? Technological Forecasting and Social Change 68: 75–80.
Rennstich, Joachim K. 2002. The New Economy, the Leadership Long Cycle and the Nineteenth K-Wave. Review of International Political Economy, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Mar., 2002), pp. 150-182.
Tinbergen, J. (1983) 'Kondratieff cycles and so-called long-waves: the early research', in C. Freeman (ed.) Long Waves in the World Economy, London and Boston, MA: Butterworths.
Diebolt, Claude Diebolt, and Cédric Doliger. 2008. New international evidence on the cyclical behaviour of output: Kuznets swings reconsidered. Quality and Quantity Volume 42, Number 6: 1573-7845.