Letter of Invitation to Authors

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Offloads Invitation letter also See Draft2 & For_printing1e which was more current but now this page has altered the order of sections and section III (was IV) Offloads

Foreword to CCR for potential authors (See current suggestions: For_printing1e, upload those here in short format)

Editors Douglas R. White, Malcolm M. Dow, E. Anthon Eff, and J. Patrick Gray invite you to contribute or collaborate on one the 30 chapters for the 2014 Wiley’s A Companion to Cross-Cultural Research, circa 20 printed pages each. We envision your contribution(s) in the area(s) of ________

  • Explore invitation with Daniel Wigmore-Shepherd of simulation in Python e.g., adding parameters that students may toggle on the Portal Comments18_Wigmore Simulation
  • Explore invitation Karen Erickson,***Reproductive Ritual and Women’s Status (help from Eff, White)
  • Invited: ***War and Sports (Gary Chick, with John Kennedy, Eff's student)
  • Note to Editors: 1) Section III now has topical invitations ready for prospective authors. - 2) There are more section IB explorations of simulation or "Epistemic Frame" e.g. Wigmore, as just published in Str&Dyn. 3) No outside grants are needed to support expanding the cases in SCCS or other databases Comments9 4) Instead, Comments10#Inverse_Topic_Models will be implemented at CoSSci Gateway by input of a text that is searched according to input of a variable name and coding categories. The example of Automated Coding of Ethnographic Texts may also be marked up text for appropriate time{ } codes for the text. 5) Editor DRW is starting to roll out invitations and explorations. There are many potential other invitations and explorations on this site. Let me know your priorities or do your own explorations with possible contributors. Tom Uram is now writing our UCI Portal in Python)


The book is matched with a Social Science Gateway Comments6 holding all the major CCR databases and several supercomputer portals, starting with Portals such as DESF=Dow and Eff Simple Functions for Cross-Cultural Database Analysis) that allow classes and researchers to use free online links to define problems of interest that can be explored through state-of-the-art open-source software -- and others. Clicking a potential dependent variable for example and a number of independent variables opens a research process that continues in reformulating models that estimate missing data, bring in secondary data sets, control for autocorrelation (Galton's problems, e.g., of spatial and phylogenetic relations), and that relate to networks of other variables. Thomas Uram of Argonne National Labs, for example, has begun building the DESF portal, accessed by community passwords at UCI_courses#Courses_for_Online_Education for active classes or research teams and individuals. The portal will be installed on the Galaxy-based computer CoSSci Gateway at UCI. For fuller description of the Gateway see InterSciWiki:Current_events#Complex_Networks_SNA_2013.

Part I.A Core Problems of CCR

  • Basic Concepts in Cross-Cultural Research. Malcolm Dow, Anthon Eff, and Anthon's PhD students, experienced in these kinds of models, are writing nontechnical chapters on the Dow & Eff CCDA and DESF Portal Functions Comments1, also runnable in open-source R. Eff's CCDmanual0dw.pdf (Portal access being implemented by Thomas Uram). - Comments3 - quotes and example Comments12 full imputation of Ys Comments14
  • A Beginner's Guide to Model Specification and Estimation (Eff, with a more technical appendix).

Part I.B The Flipped Classroom

Teacher Training: Transferrable open modifiable e-classrooms (Cooperman)
Textbook, Simulation and Game Recommendations (Allan M. Collins and/or others)
Hann, Chris. 2000. Teach Yourself Social Anthropology. London: Hodder and Stoughton.
Jared Diamond. 2012. The World Until Yesterday: What Can We Learn from Traditional Societies?
Software tool for collective book reading
tools for active and activity-based learning at Harvard
DVD: Alan_Lomax#Dance_and_Human_History Styles in 3x2 Movement Patterns for a range of societies that Lomax selected to approximate those of the SCCS
The Global Jukebox is Alan Lomax's finished Global Jukebox, with societies approximated by the SCCS and the Ethnographic Atlas. Lomax: this is “The first democratic educational machine” and is available at the CoSSci Gateway. Doug White programmed the move from the IBM to the desktop in 1980 using UCSD Pascal on the Apple II+.
Useful Tools for students (White, Eff, Gray, others) Maps, tables, flowcharts, networks, visualization in GIS
Advances in Exploratory Visualization with Correspondence Analysis (Pat Gray)
Maps and Mapping (Eff and William W. Dressler?)
ArGo: Arc GIS Online (Joanne Christopherson)
KinOath Kinship Archiver see: http://www.clarin.eu/events/lrt-standards-workshop (Peter Withers) The Kinship Archiver is a kinship application with the primary goal of connecting kinship data with archived data, such as audio, video or written resources while also being closely integrated with the archive software such as Arbil. Beyond this primary goal it is designed to be flexible and culturally nonspecific, such that culturally different social structures can equally be represented. Kin type strings are used throughout the application for constructing and searching data sets. The representation of kin terms is also integrated into the application allowing comparative diagrams of kin terms.
IsoCat and Clarin, frameworks for defining data categories, http://www.mpi.nl/resources/tools
    • (Summary for New Authors): The book is intended to help new and experienced instructors to teach CCR; to give materials that can be used in the classroom or Online classes; and to offer state-of-the-art instructional software and databases that will be updated on sites that link to the book or added latter.

II. Understanding CCR Databases, Case Data, and Epistemic Simulations

(To be edited: For_printing1e - current suggestions)
  • Compare50 Comments22
  • Cross-Societal (Ethnographic)
  • Cross-Polity (Something to think about is Charles Ragin's work on set relations in social research and CRAN QCA Qualitative Comparative Analysis. There are R packages devoted to this type of analysis. Ragin gives a number of cross-national political examples in his book Fuzzy-Set Social Science and you might want to look at his article "Set Relations in Social Research: Evaluating Their Consistency and Coverage" in Political Analysis 2006, 14:291-310 before deciding if you might be interested. The ideal would be for him to contribute, but if he is not interested, I might be able to work up something. - Pat Gray)
    • Diffusion of Conflict, Integration, and Democratization (Kristian S. Gleditsch: All International Politics Is Local)
    • Webcrawler historical data (Peter Turchin) -Comments2A
    • Globalization *Compare combine into one - are data sets available?
    • Comparative Panel Data sets, 1975-1995 (Paxton, Crenshaw, Morishima, Robison)
    • Character strengths in fifty-four nations and the fifty US states (Peterson, Park, & Seligman)
    • GLOBE leadership (House, Javidan, Hanges) - is data set available?
  • Smaller Cross-National Psychological Studies
    • Cross-cultural psychology (Nigel Barber - study of individuals, typically in 2 to 8 countries. Autocorrelation occurs at both levels)
    • Cross-National Survey Research (Melvin Krone? Book: 2006 Change and stability: a cross-national analysis of social structure and personality)
  • Regional Studies Data sets and Controlled Comparison (Monica Borgerhoff-Mulder et al. e.g., Ruth Mace)?
  • Breaking Large Networks into Cohesive Components (White, done on our Gateway for sociology coauthorships and can be done for language, religion and distance W matrices)
  • Attention to Variables
Missing data and Sample Sizes in Databases
Multiple Imputation and Sample Sizes (Dow, Eff)
Merging data sets and combining multiply imputed data sets (Eff)
Variables that test for Bias (Dow, Eff)


IIIA. (List of certain chapters) or potential contributors

Invitation letter - T1 is first tier at Trestles


IIIB. Resolving issues in the Social Sciences

(with new modeling methods)

GI 451 v173 (N=36) Sanday Rape 2010 The Socio-Cultural Context of Rape: A Cross-Cultural Study. Journal of Social Issues. Volume 37, Issue 4, pages 5–27, Fall 1981 Published online: 2010 DRW: v626 Belief in female inferiority (Of N=93, 11) ==> Rape (N=24) / *667. (N=95) RAPE: INCIDENTS REPORTS, OR THOUGHT OF AS MEANS OF PUNISHMENT of WOMEN, OR *v669 (N=101) http://eclectic.ss.uci.edu/~drwhite/ethnoatlas/nindex.html
      • GI 449 de Munck and Korotayev The Romantic Love Controversy (1) DeMunck eager to do the chapter with andrey. They conducted research with romantic love as a dependent variable and found that "status equality" indicated by the absence of a double standard and permitted premarital sex (in a paper that reanalyzes Paul Rosenblatt's 1966 study), and in a later study that increased "hu-wi intimacy" were key predictors of romlove as criterion for marriage. so it sounds good to me. i will wait your response and contact andrey subsequently-he's a regular visitor here (once/twice a year). victor. (2) William R. Jankowiak and Edward F. Fischer. 1992. A Cross-Cultural Perspective on Romantic Love. Ethnology. Vol. 31, No. 2 (Apr., 1992), pp. 149-155 Published by: University of Pittsburgh. Comments11 Comments8 Not enough Jankowiak codes for him to do an article but could be a commentator for discussions with DeMunck and Korotayev
      • GI 146 Maoz and White? Peace between Democracies: Well-founded or Epiphenomena? 1992 Peace Between Participatory Polities: A Cross-Cultural Test of the “Democracies Rarely Fight Each Other” Hypothesis Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember and Bruce Russett. 1992/2001. World Politics / Volume 44 / Issue 04 / pp 573-599 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2010488 Published online: 13 June 2011. Michael D. Ward "...much of the statistical association typically reported in this literature apparently stems from three components: (1) geographical proximity, (2) dependence among militarized interstate disputes with the same initiator or target, and (3) the higher-order dependencies in these dyadic data. Once these are incorporated, covariates associated with the Kantian peace tripod lose most of their statistical power. We do find that higher levels of joint democracy are associated with lower probabilities of militarized interstate dispute involvement. We find that despite high statistical significance and putative substantive importance, none of the variables representing the Kantian tripod is associated with any substantial degree of predictive power." COULD USE degree of political participation as a "democracy" indepvars v764-765-766 for internal war / external war
      • War and Sports (Gary Chick, with John Kennedy, Eff's student: John Kennedy wrote a paper in class using Gary Chick’s data on war and sports)
      • Warfare, Disputation and Conflict Resolution (Routon) (Eff declined in favor of Routon)
      • Monogamy and Polygyny (Eff, Dow)
      • Determinants of Crime (Eff, Dow – Eff has already downloaded a number of papers on this from the criminology journal)
      • >Anthon: Three of my students would like to participate, though all three are working 70+ hours/week on coursework or dissertations, and are hoping for a deadline at least a year and a half into the future.
        • >YES: Christian Brown is willing to revisit the moral gods topic, working with Doug (and his coauthors).
        • >YES: Wes Routon is willing to work again on warfare, etc. (I think he can do this by himself)
        • >YES: John Kennedy wrote a paper in class using Gary Chick’s data on war and sports, and I had promised to help him get it published. It would be great if John could work directly with Chick, instead of working with me. So my name can be dropped from all three of these topics.
      • Reproductive Ritual and Women’s Status (Karen Erickson, with help from Eff, White)
    • Cross-National (*Combine)
      • Structural Equivalence of Factor Structure in Cross-National Psychology (Fons van de Vijver)
      • Multilevel Analysis (not really!) of Culture (Ronald Fischer) Psychology and culture (duplicates van de Vijver)
  • Historical, Contextual, and Causal Effects DELETE

IV. Evolutionary Topics in Cross-Cultural Research

    • Other Species and Social Networks
      • Social Networks across Species (Katie Faust)
      • Social Dynamics of a Primate Species (Jessica Flack et al.)
      • Kinsources and Comparisons (Klaus Hamberger, Michael Fischer)
    • Foragers (Amber Johnson, White, Eff, Binford)
      • Evolution of Human Technology and Cognition (Dwight Read et al.)
      • Forager Population Densities, Behaviors and Cooperativity (Doug White and Tolga Oztan) (Combines Binford, Murdock?...) (Eff, data intersection)
      • Bioevolutionary organization of Foragers (article by … one of Hamilton’s colleagues)
      • Genomic Differences in Populations (Harpending e.g. 2012 or Cochrane)
      • Mitochondrial phylogeny and adaptive function keyed to SCCS Douglas C. Wallace
      • Fractalites of Forager Groups (Marcus J. Hamilton et al.)
      • Evolution of Prosociality (Frank Marlowe)
    • General Principles
      • Evolution of Eusociality (Peter Turchin)
      • Social Information Transmission (Stephen J. Shennan)
      • Niche Construction (Odling-Smee /or/ Jessica Flack et al.)
      • Biological and Heritable Behavior in Gene-Culture Evolution (Joseph Henrich or Robert Boyd)
      • Unification of Evolutionary Science (e.g., Apicella? Laland et al. 2011; Mesoudi, Whiten, Laland 2006)

V: R Packages that extend the capacities of CCR

'*hard* section Extended R Packages (to be further selected with respect to usefulness and authors found – Once we have our authors or user-authors settled we will know which of these can be distributed in the R portal).
    • General
      • Network Autocorrelation Measures (Eff and Dow)
      • MRQAP multiple-regression for Autocorrelation matrices (Dow, or Nunn or Borgerhoff-Mulder)
      • Geographically Weighted Regression ( )
      • Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (Laurent, Ruiz-Gazen, Thomas-Agnan)
      • Spatial Regression
      • Spatial Regression MCMC
      • Hierarchical Point-referenced Spatial Models (R: spBayes Andrew O. Finley et al.)
      • Environmental and Terrestrial Models (Amber Johnson and Doug White)
      • Lead Article: Dan Dediu and Stephen C. Levinson Language and Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
        • (subtopic) Homophily and Social Influence (e.g., Phylogeny of World Religions: Moral Gods, Missionization; two sets of dates)
        • CIPRES: on Trestles Gateway: will post a link and ask Wayne Pfeiffer to write on it
        • R Phylogenetics II (John P. Huelsenbeck, et al. MRBAYES: Bayesian inference of phylogenetic trees) UCSD|CIPRES]] (Wayne Pfeiffer) (DELETE: Borgerhoff-Mulder?)
      • R Phylogenetics I (Liam J. Revell et al.) e.g. Material culture (J. Tehrani, Mark Collard) Borgerhoff-Mulder?
    • ‘Causal’ Graphs for Estimating Bias reduction in Causal inference (R: Pcalc Markus Kalisch et al. - 2012) spBayes Andrew O. Finley
      • (subtopic: Dubious) Mediators and Moderators (? See Wu and Zuma 2007 isn’t there a conflict here between e.g. Rubin/Holland and Pearl?)
    • lavaan latent structure analysis and sem
      • Datamining and Pattern Extraction across Individual and Multiple Data sets (Michael Fischer and Sukaina Bharwant)
      • Matching Methods for Integrating Qualitative and Quantitative Models in CCR (Michael Fischer and Sukaina Bharwant)

VI. Conclusions


Miscellaneous: Databases and narrative data
http://library.harvard.edu/project-update-dataverse?utm_source=SilverpopMailing&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=10.2.2012%20%281%29 Dataverse recd: Marion Dumas
Robert H. Bates, Avner Greif, Margaret Levi, Jean-Laurent Rosenthal, Barry R Weingast, Barry R. Weingast. 1998. Analytical narratives: this is a paper, a book and an approach by several key political scientists attempting to take context and the interpretivist approach seriously in building analytical models. The book develops and applies the approach: http://www.amazon.com/Analytic-Narratives-Robert-H-Bates/dp/0691001294 The paper (explains and defends the approach): http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/2585843 recd: Marion Dumas "how can social scientists draw broad, applicable principles of political order from specific historical examples? In Analytic Narratives, five senior scholars offer a new and ambitious methodological response to this important question. By employing rational-choice and game theory, the authors propose a way of extracting empirically testable, general hypotheses from particular cases. The result is both a methodological manifesto and an applied handbook that political scientists, economic historians, sociologists, and students of political economy will find essential.

In their jointly written introduction, the authors frame their approach to the origins and evolution of political institutions. The individual essays that follow demonstrate the concept of the analytic narrative--a rational-choice approach to explain political outcomes--in case studies. Avner Greif traces the institutional foundations of commercial expansion in twelfth-century Genoa. Jean-Laurent Rosenthal analyzes how divergent fiscal policies affected absolutist European governments, while Margaret Levi examines the transformation of nineteenth-century conscription laws in France, the United States, and Prussia. Robert Bates explores the emergence of a regulatory organization in the international coffee market. Finally, Barry Weingast studies the institutional foundations of democracy in the antebellum United States and its breakdown in the Civil War. In the process, these studies highlight the economic role of political organizations, the rise and deterioration of political communities, and the role of coercion, especially warfare, in political life. The results are both empirically relevant and theoretically sophisticated.

Analytic Narratives is an innovative and provocative work that bridges the gap between the game-theoretic and empirically driven approaches in political economy. Political historians will find the use of rational-choice models novel; theorists will discover arguments more robust and nuanced than those derived from abstract models. The book improves on earlier studies by advocating--and applying--a cross-disciplinary approach to explain strategic decision making in history."

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