Michael J. Winkelman

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http://michaelwinkelman.com/ web site - Austronesia

v879 - v880 - v881 - v882 -v883

Winkelman, Michael, Retired Associate Professor of Anthropology, ASU Michael Winkelman <michaeljwinkelman@gmail.com> Michael.Winkelman@asu.edu web site .... in the central highlands near Pirenopolis Goias Brazil - A place worth the visit or spending the rest of your life:) abracos (abrasos) miguel

https://webapp4.asu.edu/directory/person/10757

Michael J. Winkelman. 1986. Magico-Religious Practitioner Types and Socioeconomic Conditions. Cross-Cultural Research 20(1-4 ):17-46.

Michael J. Winkelman. 1990. Shamans and Other "Magico-Religious" Healers: A Cross-Cultural Study of Their Origins, Nature, and Social Transformations. Ethos 18(3): 308-352

Human Sacrifice 1988

Winkelman, Michael. 1988. Aztec human sacrifice: cross-cultural assessments of the ecological hypothesis. 37:285-298. HRAF: Winkelman1998Summary2.pdf.

HRAF Abstract: This article explores ecological, religions, and social correlates of human sacrifice and cannibalism in a cross-cultural sample (SCCS). Support is found for associations between human sacrifice v75.d5 and population density v156, population pressure, war for land and resources, and a low hierarchical focus of religion. Human sacrifice among Aztecs is given particular attention.

Hypothesis: population density, population pressure, war for land and resources, and a low hierarchical focus of religion will be positively associated with human sacrifice (OMC: 285, 294). (SCCS depvar mkdummy("v75", 5) v75.d5 indepvars v156.

The Shamanic Paradigm 1988

Winkelman, Michael. 2010. The Shamanic Paradigm: Evidence from Ethnology, Neuropsychology and Ethology. Time and Mind, Volume 3, Number 2, July 2010 , pp. 159-182(24)

  • v879 Shamans
  • Sources for codes and articles on the SCCS
  • Michael J. Winkelman. 1990. Shamans and Other "Magico-Religious" Healers: A Cross-Cultural Study of Their Origins, Nature, and Social Transformations. Ethos, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 308-352.
  • Winkelman, Michael J. 1982. Magic: A Theoretical Reassessment. Current Anthro- pology23:37-44, 59-66.
  • Winkelman, Michael J. 1984. A Cross-Cultural Study of Magico-Religious Practitioners. P.h.D. Dissertation, University of California, Irvine. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms.
  • Winkelman, Michael J. 1985. Comment on Richard Noll's "Mental Imagery Cultivation as a Cultural Phenomenon."CurrenAtnthropolog2y6:456.
  • Winkelman, Michael J. 1986a. Magico-Religious Practitioner Types and Socioeconomic Conditions.1985 C.S.Ford Cross-Cultural Research Award. Cross-Cultural Research 20:17-46.
  • Winkelman, Michael J. 1986b. Trance States: A Theoretical Model and Cross-Cultural Analysis. Ethos 14:174-203.
  • Winkelman, Michael J., and Douglas R. White. 1987. A Cross-Cultural Study of Magico-Religious Practitioners and Trance States: Data Base.World Cultures 2(3). Human Relations Area Files Research Series in Quantitative Cross-Cultural Data,Vol. 3 (D. Levinsonand R. Wagner, eds.). New Haven: HRAF Press. --- Reprinted 1988. Duke Univ. Press.

2016

Galaxy-Shamans.xlsx, attached, is a full result for your model

-- Doug White http://intersci.ss.uci.edu/wiki/index.php/DW_home

Model input entered into CoSSci

https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/9256203/SCCScodebook.txt
v2002.d2
Shamans
v879,v880,v881,v882
v2002.d2,v1845,v1,v2,v3,v10
(New Variables)
dx$Shamans
dx$Shamans = (1+dx$v879)*(1+dx$v880)*(1+dx$v881)*(1+dx$v882)
Dependent variable='Shamans': NA 	
URmodel   	

coef stdcoef VIF stepkept pval hcpval bootpval star desc

(Intercept) 	-0.15172 	NA 	NA 	1 	0.65623 	0.59126 	0.65888 		NA 	
v1 	-0.00041 	-5.00E-04 	1.51012 	0 	0.98685 	0.98389 	0.98675 		Intercommunity Trade as Food Source 		these were
v1845 	0.04985 	0.0504 	1.35497 	0 	0.072 	0.02251 	0.07984 	* 	Modernization: Sum of Technological Changes 	arbitrarily
v2 	0.01107 	0.01466 	1.19372 	1 	0.66944 	0.63574 	0.66714 		Food Import Acquisition 	included
v2002.d2 	0.20682 	0.05167 	1.66301 	0 	0.09305 	0.02905 	0.10802 		World Religions (1807) == Deep Islamization 	(same)
v3 	0.01848 	0.03108 	1.65082 	0 	0.31049 	0.31143 	0.39899 		Agriculture- Contribution to Local Food Supply 	(same)
v879 	2.04128 	0.81747 	6.58424 	1 	0 	0 	0 	*** 	Shaman 	
v880 	1.95722 	0.7419 	4.84703 	1 	0 	0 	0 	*** 	Shaman/Healer 	
v881 	1.74457 	1.05611 	3.42426 	1 	0 	0 	0 	*** 	Healer 	
v882 	2.23121 	0.95981 	2.26886 	1 	0 	0 	0 	*** 	Medium 	
Wy 	-0.0172 	-0.00671 	2.02948 	0 	0.84378 	0.81021 	0.84304 		Network lag term 	









Rmodel







coef stdcoef VIF relimp pval hcpval bootpval star desc Dependent variable='Shamans': NA

(Intercept) 	-0.19123 	NA 	NA 	NA 	0.4650200000 	0.5091200000 	0.5451900000 		NA 	(of four types) 	
v879 	2.11991 	0.84896 	4.26231 	0.0927 	0.0000000000 	0.0000000000 	0.0000000000 	*** 	Shaman 	
v880 	2.09004 	0.79225 	3.34145 	0.07426 	0.0000000000 	0.0000000000 	0.0000000000 	*** 	Shaman/Healer 	
v881 	1.78789 	1.08234 	2.51764 	0.39934 	0.0000000000 	0.0000000000 	0.0000000000 	*** 	Healer 	
v882 	2.26352 	0.97371 	2.15639 	0.37756 	0.0000000000 	0.0000000000 	0.0000000000 	*** 	Medium 		
Wy 	0.03528 	0.01376 	1.53912 	0.03136 	0.6520600000 	0.6643500000 	0.6771600000 		Network lag term absense of distance or common language effects 		I.e., independent invention 	
EndogeneityTests   		

x 1 no endogeneity tests

Diagnostics   	

Fstat df pvalue star

RESET test. H0: model has correct functional form 	8.4421 	4.48292E+14 	0.0037 	*** 	
Wald test. H0: appropriate variables dropped 	1.6094 	260 	0.2057 	





Breusch-Pagan test. H0: residuals homoskedastic 19.2932 4.35632E+14 0 ***




Shapiro-Wilkes test. H0: residuals normal 19.382 1.47706E+12 0 ***




Hausman test. H0: Wy is exogenous 5.8646 821343 0.0154 **




Sargan test. H0: residuals uncorrelated with instruments 3.4491 13193797631 0.0633 *
















OtherStats







d l e Weak.Identification.Fstat R2.final.model R2.UR.model nimp nobs BClambda


1 0.2 0.8 0 1727.307112 0.975177747 0.979698563 8 47 none



Screen Shot of the model at CoSSci attached


















URmodel







coef stdcoef VIF stepkept pval hcpval bootpval star desc


(Intercept) -0.15172 NA NA 1 0.65623 0.59126 0.65888 NA


v1 	-0.00041 	-5.00E-04 	1.51012 	0 	0.98685 	0.98389 	0.98675 		Intercommunity Trade as Food Source 		these were
v1845 	0.04985 	0.0504 	1.35497 	0 	0.072 	0.02251 	0.07984 	* 	Modernization: Sum of Technological Changes 	arbitrarily
v2 	0.01107 	0.01466 	1.19372 	1 	0.66944 	0.63574 	0.66714 		Food Import Acquisition included
v2002.d2 	0.20682 	0.05167 	1.66301 	0 	0.09305 	0.02905 	0.10802 	

World Religions (1807) == Deep Islamization (same)

v3 	0.01848 	0.03108 	1.65082 	0 	0.31049 	0.31143 	0.39899 	

Agriculture- Contribution to Local Food Supply (same)

v879 	2.04128 	0.81747 	6.58424 	1 	0 	0 	0 	*** 	Shaman 		
v880 	1.95722 	0.7419 	4.84703 	1 	0 	0 	0 	*** 	Shaman/Healer 	
v881 	1.74457 	1.05611 	3.42426 	1 	0 	0 	0 	*** 	Healer 	
v882 	2.23121 	0.95981 	2.26886 	1 	0 	0 	0 	*** 	Medium 	
Wy 	-0.0172 	-0.00671 	2.02948 	0 	0.84378 	0.81021 	0.84304 	

Network lag term









Rmodel







coef stdcoef VIF relimp pval hcpval bootpval star desc Dependent variable='Shamans': NA (Intercept) -0.19123 NA NA NA 0.4650200000 0.5091200000 0.5451900000 NA (of four types) v879 2.11991 0.84896 4.26231 0.0927 0.0000000000 0.0000000000 0.0000000000 *** Shaman


v880 2.09004 0.79225 3.34145 0.07426 0.0000000000 0.0000000000 0.0000000000 *** Shaman/Healer

v881 1.78789 1.08234 2.51764 0.39934 0.0000000000 0.0000000000 0.0000000000 *** Healer


v882 2.26352 0.97371 2.15639 0.37756 0.0000000000 0.0000000000 0.0000000000 *** Medium


Wy 0.03528 0.01376 1.53912 0.03136 0.6520600000 0.6643500000 0.6771600000 Network lag term




absense of distance or common language effects




I.e., independent invention


EndogeneityTests






x






1 no endogeneity tests

















Diagnostics






Fstat df pvalue star




RESET test. H0: model has correct functional form 8.4421 4.48292E+14 0.0037 ***




Wald test. H0: appropriate variables dropped 1.6094 260 0.2057





Breusch-Pagan test. H0: residuals homoskedastic 19.2932 4.35632E+14 0 ***




Shapiro-Wilkes test. H0: residuals normal 19.382 1.47706E+12 0 ***




Hausman test. H0: Wy is exogenous 5.8646 821343 0.0154 **




Sargan test. H0: residuals uncorrelated with instruments 3.4491 13193797631 0.0633 *
















OtherStats







d l e Weak.Identification.Fstat R2.final.model R2.UR.model nimp nobs BClambda


1 0.2 0.8 0 1727.307112 0.975177747 0.979698563 8 47 none



Screen Shot of the model at CoSSci attached