Witowski, Stanley. 1974. Galton's opportunity - hologeistic study of historical processes. Cross-Cultural Research 9(1):11-15. Abstract: Galton's Problem and Opportunity Abstract: Galton's problem, the issue of the effects of historical connections between societies based on their characteristics, has received much attention from cross-culturalists. The author reviews the three major responses to Galton's problem and points out that each response treats it as a methodological difficulty. I argue that it would be more fruitful to reframe Galton's problem as a substantive issue, for then cross-culturalists could develop a better understanding of the different kinds of connections among societies and their effects. Links between societies are important forces helping to shape life within each society. I support this argument with examples on inter-societal trading of goods, labor exchanges, warfare, and interbreeding.